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Old 25-11-2007, 01:50 PM   #1
AdobePhoto Shop Tutorial.. Free for my class fellows...
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We are Starting Adobe P.S. Tutorial today!

Placing a Graphic in your File
Often you'll want to import existing graphics and artwork into your Photoshop document. A problem for Photoshop? Not at all -- in fact, there are several ways you can do this!
External graphics can be placed in Photoshop as raster layers or Smart Objects. First, I'll show you how to place these graphics, then we'll talk about the difference between raster layers and Smart Objects.
Solution
Placing Artwork from a Web Page
Copy the artwork from the web page, then select Edit > Paste or press Ctrl-V (Command-V on a Mac) to paste it into your Photoshop document. Photoshop will create a new layer containing the artwork, or place it into a selected empty layer. The artwork will be on a raster layer.
Placing Artwork from Flattened Image Files
A flattened image file -- such as a GIF [4], JPEG [5] or PNG [6] -- contains artwork on a single layer. Open the file in Photoshop and use Select > All or press Ctrl-A (Command-A) to create a selection of the entire document. Click on your Photoshop document then select Edit > Paste or press Ctrl-V (Command-V) to paste it. Photoshop will paste the document into a new or selected empty layer as it does when pasting artwork from a web page. The artwork will be on a raster layer.
Placing Layers from a Different Photoshop Document
Position the document windows so that both are visible. Select the window of the document you wish to import from, to bring up its Layers palette. Select and drag the necessary layers over to the new window and release the mouse button when you see a thick, black outline around the window. This will copy the layers across as shown in the example at the top of the next page. The copied layers will retain their original properties.
Name:  dragdroplayertif.jpg
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Copying a layer from one Photoshop document to another
Placing Artwork from Illustrator
Open Illustrator and select the artwork you wish to export to Photoshop. Copy the artwork using Ctrl-C (Command-C on a Mac). Switch to Photoshop while Illustrator is still open and paste your copied artwork using Ctrl-V (Command-V). A dialog box will appear, asking you whether you wish to paste the artwork as a Smart Object, Pixels, Path or a Shape Layer.
Name:  pasteasdialog.png
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Paste dialog box
Placing Artwork as a Smart Object
Select File > Place and choose the file you wish to import. Click Place to import the file into your Photoshop document as a Smart Object. For PDF and Illustrator files, Photoshop will display a dialog box that asks you to select the pages you wish to place. Choose the pages you want and click OK.
Name:  boundingbox.png
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The bounding box for an image pasted as a Smart Object
The Smart Object will initially be placed with a bounding box surrounding it, as shown here. You can use this bounding box to move, rotate, scale, or make other transformations to the object. When you're done, double-click inside the bounding box to commit the Smart Object to its layer.

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Old 25-11-2007, 02:04 PM
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Smart Objects
A Smart Object is an embedded file that appears in its own layer in Photoshop. A Smart Object layer is distinguished by an icon that overlays the thumbnail image displayed in the Layers palette, as shown in the example below.
Smart Objects are different from other layers because they are linked to a source file (e.g., an Illustrator file, JPEG, GIF or other Photoshop file). If you make changes to the source file, the Smart Object layer will also be updated with those changes.
Name:  SmartObject_icon_sample.gif
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Raster layer vs Smart Object layer
In contrast, raster layers (or regular layers) are fully editable, so you can draw and paint on them, fill them with colors, or erase pixels. Unlike Smart Objects, where you retain image quality, if you resize a raster layer smaller, you will lose information.
This is demonstrated in the example on the next page, which shows the result of a Smart Object that has been decreased in size, then resized back to its original dimensions. The same steps, when applied to a raster layer, produce an image that is blurred and of lower quality.
Name:  SmartObject_resizing.gif
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The difference in image quality when resizing a Smart Object compared to a raster layer
Because Smart Objects are linked to an outside document, you can resize them without losing the original image data. While you can apply layer effects and some transformations to Smart Object layers, you cannot actually manipulate (paint, draw, erase) their pixels because they are not editable from external documents. You can open the original source file for editing by double-clicking on the Smart Object icon
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:09 PM
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Rasterizing
You can rasterize Smart Objects by right-clicking on the name of the Smart Object layer and choosing Rasterize Layer. This will break the link to the original source file and treat the layer as an ordinary raster layer.
Resizing a Document
Solution
Bring up the Image Size dialog box by selecting Image > Image Size or pressing Ctrl-Alt-I (Command-Option-I on a mac). You can resize the document by altering either the Pixel Dimensions or the Document Size. Use the former when resizing images that will be used on screen (such as images that will be used on a web page), and the latter when resizing images that will be printed.

Name:  imagesizedialog.jpg
Views: 279
Size:  30.3 KB
Image Size dialog box
You can maintain the original document proportions as you resize the image by checking the Constrain Proportions checkbox. To scale layer styles (drop shadows, strokes, etc.), check the Scale Styles checkbox.
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:12 PM
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Resizing a Layer or Selection
Photoshop also lets you resize layers or particular portions of a document without affecting the overall size of the document.
Name:  transform.jpg
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Resizing an element using corner handles
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:19 PM
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Solution
From the Layers palette, select the layer that contains the element you wish to resize. If the layer contains other elements that you don't wish to resize, select your element using one of the selection tools.
After making your selection, use Edit > Free Transform or press Ctrl-T (Command-T on a Mac). A bounding box with handles will appear around your selection. Click and drag these handles to resize the element, as shown in this example. To keep the transformation in proportion so that the image does not appear squashed or stretched, hold down the Shift key and resize it using the corner handles.
You can also resize the element to a specific width or height using the options bar. In the example below, I clicked the Maintain Aspect Ratio button (signified by chain links), then specified the width -- this changed the height of my element automatically. If I had not maintained the aspect ratio, only the width of my rose would have changed.
Press Enter or double-click inside the bounding box to apply the transformation
Name:  transformoptions.jpg
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Size:  20.1 KB
Using the Free Transform options
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:20 PM
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Discussion
When you resize different layer types, you get different results. Vector shape layers, such as text or shape layers, can be resized larger or smaller without loss of quality.
Smart Objects can also be resized larger or smaller without loss of quality, depending on the original file. If the original file is a vector graphic, the Smart Object can be resized without ever losing quality. If the original file is a GIF or similar, the Smart Object can be resized up to the size of the image dimensions, above which it will start to lose quality.
Raster layers or selections can only be resized smaller. Resizing them larger will usually result in loss of quality.
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:21 PM
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Rotating a Layer or Selection
Earlier, you may have used the Free Transform command to resize layers and selections, and thought it was pretty swell. What you probably weren't aware of at the time is that the very same command can also be used to rotate layers and selections!
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:21 PM
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Solution
Make a selection or choose the layer you'd like to rotate. Select Edit > Free Transform or press Ctrl-T (Command T), and move your cursor outside the bounding box.
You'll see that it turns into a curved, two-headed arrow as shown in this example. You can click and drag this cursor to rotate the elements within the bounding box.
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:23 PM
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Name:  rotate.jpg
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Rotating a selection
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Old 25-11-2007, 02:25 PM
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Hold down the Shift key to constrain the angle movement to 15-degree increments. You can also set a specific angle of rotation (between -180? and 180?) in the Angle text box in the options bar.
Name:  rotateoptions.jpg
Views: 241
Size:  40.4 KB
Setting the angle of rotation in the options bar
Rotation Alternatives
For 90- or 180-degree rotations, you can select Edit > Transform and choose from Rotate 180?, Rotate 90? CW, or Rotate 90? CCW.
Press Enter or double-click inside the bounding box to complete the transformation.
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