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Old 30-09-2010, 06:55 AM
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HALAKU KHAN

 

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Default The death of Halaku Khan


The death of Halaku Khan:- The birth of the Muslim Tartar empire


i

Hulagu was friendly to Christianity, as his mother was a Nestorian Christian. Hulagu’s favorite wife, Dokuz Khatun, was also a Christian, as was Hulagu’s closest friend and general, Kitbuqa. Hulagu told the Armenian historian Vardan Arewelc’i in 1264 that he had been a Christian since birth. It is recorded however that he was a Buddhist[1] as he neared his death, against the will of his Christian wife Dokuz Khatun
Hulagu sent multiple communications to Europe, in an attempt to establish a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims. In 1262, he sent an embassy to “all kings and princes overseas”, along with his secretary Rychaldus. However the embassy was apparently intercepted in Sicily by King Manfred, who was allied with the Mamluks and in conflict with Pope Urban IV, and Rychaldus was returned by ship.
On April 10 1262, Hulagu sent through John the Hungarian a letter to the French king Louis IX, offering an alliance…the letter stated Hulagu’s intention to capture Jerusalem for the benefit of the Pope, and asked for Louis to send a fleet against Egypt:
“From the head of the Mongol army, avid to devastate the perfid nation of the Sarasins, goodwilling support of the Christian faith (…) so that you, who are the rulers of the coasts on the other side of the sea, endeavour to deny a refuge for the Infidels, your enemies and ours, by having your subjects diligently patrol the seas.” —Letter from Hulagu to Saint Louis
There are copious descriptions of Mongol conquests in central Asia. Genghis Khan’s armies killed 1.6 million people in the city of Herat in northwestern Afghanistan in 1222; that’s 1.6 million, dispatched with arrows, clubs, and swords.
For the cities and cultivated places in the Mongols’ path, they were a natural disaster on the order of an asteroid collision. Like the Huns and the Scythians before them, they came from the steppe grasslands of central Asia, which produced their great resource of horses and draft animals. After Genghis Khan united a number of Mongol tribes into a single horde under his command in the early thirteenth century, they descended on cities in China, India, Afghanistan, Persia, Turkestan, and Russia. Between 1211 and 1223, they wasted dozens of cities and wiped out more than 18.4 million people in China and environs alone. (These and other large numbers of victims attributed to the Mongols may have been inspired more by terror than by historical fact.) By the time of Genghis Khan’s death, in 1227, the Mongol empire extended from the Volga River to the Pacific Ocean…Fuelled by grass, the Mongol empire could be described as solar-powered; it was an empire of the land. Later empires, such as the British, moved by ship and were wind-powered, empires of the sea. The American empire, if it is an empire, runs on oil and is an empire of the air…Hulagu was educated by a Nestorian Christian priest. Sorkhakhtani, Hulagu’s mother, was a Nestorian. (Nestorians held a less exalted view of the divinity of Christ, and were regarded by the Roman and Orthodox churches as heretics.) Hulagu’s principal wife, Dokuz-khatun, also a Nestorian, often persuaded Hulagu to be lenient toward Christians in lands that he conquered. Dokuz-khatun was said to be descended from one of the wise men who visited the baby Jesus in the manger.The New Yorker
Hulaku's army attacks Baghdad, 1258. Note siege engine in foreground.

Within forty years [of the prophet's death] , Baghdad had become the storied and romantic place it would forever be in popular imagination. Under enlightened, poetry-loving caliphs like Harun al-Rashid, Mansour’s grandson, Baghdad attracted scholars from all the domains of Islam, in keeping with Muhammad’s teaching that educated men are next to the angels and that “the scholar’s ink is more sacred than the blood of martyrs.” Mansour’s prediction that his city would be a crossroads had come true, and wealth accumulated from caravan trade arriving from each of the four directions. Poets who pleased the caliph might have pearls poured upon them; concubines for his harem sold for tens of thousands of gold dirhams. A Chinese method for making paper from flax and hemp appeared in the Middle East at about the time of the city’s founding, and the new technology produced books in quantities impossible before. Almost everybody in ninth-century Baghdad could read and write. While Europe still moiled in its Dark Ages, Baghdad was a city of booksellers, bathhouses, gardens, game parks, libraries. Harun al-Rashid was the first chess-playing caliph; Baghdadis also played checkers and backgammon. Translators took Greek works and rendered them into Arabic, in which they were preserved to be translated into European languages several centuries later.
The palaces of the caliphs were of marble, rare woods, jade, and alabaster, with fountains and interior gardens, and carpets and wall hangings by the thousand. Servants sprinkled guests with sprinklers of rosewater and powdered musk and ambergris. A poet wrote, “Live long, O Caliph, to thy heart’s content / In scented shade of palace minarets.” Arts and sciences flourished—literature, music, calligraphy, philosophy, mathematics, chemistry, history. Because of the need for accuracy in setting the religious calendar and orienting mosques to face Mecca, astronomy was especially important. From Baghdad’s best years we get words like “zenith” and “nadir,” as well as “algebra,” “algorithm,” “alcohol,” “alembic,” “alchemy.” The food in Baghdad was great, too, apparently. The city’s gardens grew a cornucopia of fruits, spices, pistachios, licorice root. Its cooks knew how to make highly complicated dishes, and sweets like halvah and baklava.
By 1257, Hulagu had reached western Persia. From there he sent emissaries to the caliph telling him to raze the walls of Baghdad and fill in the moat and come in person to make obeisance to Hulagu. The caliph replied that with all of Islam ready to defend him, he did not fear. He advised Hulagu to go back where he came from. The Mongol army had recently received reinforcements from other Mongol hordes, and a contingent of Christian cavalry from Georgia. Perhaps the Mongols had eight hundred and fifty thousand soldiers; certainly they had more than a hundred thousand. In November of 1257, they marched on toward Baghdad, dividing as they approached so that their forces would surround the city. The caliph sent an army to stop those approaching from the west, and repulsed them in an early battle. In the next encounter, the Mongols broke some dikes and flooded the ground behind the caliph’s army, and slaughtered or drowned them all. New Yorker
When Halaku Khan brought his army to Iraq, it destroyed the entire Baghdad which used to be the major Islamic center of learning. Baghdad was burned to ashes, its world-renowned libraries destroyed, all the books thrown in the river that flows through Baghdad, and it created huge piles of human skulls (as a symbol of its “achievements”) every where. The Khalifa himself was killed in the most ruthless manner. His legs were tied to a horse which was driven all over Baghdad.
On January 29, 1258, Hulagu’s forces took up a position on the eastern outskirts of Baghdad and began a bombardment. Soon they had breached the outer wall. The caliph, who had been advised against escaping by his vizier, offered to negotiate. Hulagu, with the city practically in his hands, refused. The upshot was that the caliph and his retinue came out of the city, the remainder of his army followed, they laid down their arms, and the Mongols killed almost everybody. Hulagu told Baghdad’s Christians to stay in a church, which he put off-limits to his soldiers. Then, for a period of seven days, the Mongols sacked the city, killing (depending on the source) two hundred thousand, or eight hundred thousand, or more than a million. The Mongols’ Georgian Christian allies were said to have particularly distinguished themselves in slaughter. Plunderers threw away their swords and filled their scabbards with gold. Silver and jewels and gold piled up in great heaps around Hulagu’s tent. Fire consumed the caliph’s palace, and the smoke from its beams of aloe wood, sandalwood, and ebony filled the air with fragrance for a distance of a hundred li. (A li equalled five hundred bow lengths—a hundred li was maybe thirty miles.) So many books from Baghdad’s libraries were flung into the Tigris that a horse could walk across on them. The river ran black with scholars’ ink and red with the blood of martyrs.New Yorker
The stories of what Hulagu did to the caliph vary. One says that Hulagu toyed with him a while, dining with him and discussing theology and pretending to be his guest. A famous account describes how Hulagu imprisoned the caliph in a roomful of treasure and brought him gold on a tray instead of food. The caliph protested that he could not eat gold, and Hulagu asked him why he hadn’t used his money to strengthen his army and defend against the Mongols. The caliph said, “That was the will of God.” Hulagu replied, “What will happen to you is the will of God, also,” leaving him among the treasure to starve.
The Tatars (Halaku Khan’s army) however stayed and later on converted to Islam. The Tartars then spread the light of Islam throughout the entire Eastern Europe and deep into Russia. How did this remarkable transformation took place? Here the truth that explains the story.
Halaku Khan raiding Baghdad

After burning and pillaging entire city of Baghdad and killing thousands of Muslims, Halaku ordered his army to arrest and gather all the Islamic scholars in a huge field in which he was to enjoy the scene of them beheaded in front of him. When all the Islamic scholars were gathered in the field, Halaku came galloping on his beautiful horse in the field while holding the reins in one hand and repeatedly throwing a lemon in the air and catching it (as it was his habit) in the other hand. He then stopped at the front of the assembly of prisoners where his generals were waiting for him. He stayed seated on his horse and started addressing the scholars with scornful arrogance while still playing with the lemon:

Today no power will save you from my wrath. Where is your Allah? If He really exists then why don’t you call Him to come to your help?
Halaku Khan destroyed Baghdad:--The Tartars coverted to Islam


This insult to Allah really infuriated an old Islamic scholar named Imam Yusuf who was physically very weak and thin. However, he was endowed with a great religious zeal and fervor. When he heard Halaku saying that, he moved forward, his body trembling with anger, and his face turned red with rage. Imam Yusuf spoke in his fearsome loud trembling voice:
You ruthless! You are the one who spreaded rape, pillage, and destruction in this land. How did you dare to insult my Allah like that. My Allah is so power that if He wills, He can take your life even before this lemon that you have just thrown in the air falls in you hand!”

Halaku Khan on horse

Halaku started sweating profusely, he never heard anyone talking to him like that – this man was feared by all for his ruthlessness. The lemon fell on the ground. He bend down while still seated on his horse to pick up the lemon from the ground. The horse took it as a signal to gallop at her maximum speed. This shook Halaku who fell on the ground on his back but his one foot got stuck in the saddle. The horse was running like wind while Halaku was mercilessly dragged all over the place. Then he started to bleed profusely and when the horse stopped, Halaku had died a miserable and painful death. The man who loved to inflict painful deaths on innocent people, himself died that way.
Tartar Lancers

When Tatar generals saw this, they started trembling with fear. Imam Yusuf’s faith in Allah had convinced them more them enough that Allah indeed exists and is not oblivious to what the transgressors do. The huge fearsome- looking Tatar generals wept and apologized to Imam Yusuf and converted to Islam on his hand. Because of these Tatar generals, the entire Tatar nation converted to Islam. It was these Tatar Muslims who then founded the great Khilafat-e-Usmania (the Ottomon Empire) and pushed the frontiers of Islam to the gates of Vienna.
There is indeed great lessons to be learned from this gruesome incident (i.e. destruction of an Islamic state) of our history. HALAKU KHAN AND THE PILLAGE OF BAGHDAD LESSONS TO BE LEARNED
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Old 01-10-2010, 01:44 AM
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tu ap zinda kaisay hain? , ya ap dosaray walay halaku khana hain
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Old 01-10-2010, 04:03 AM
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tu ap zinda kaisay hain? , ya ap dosaray walay halaku khana hain
JI AKHIR HALAKU KHAN KA POTA HOON TO NAAM TO SATH ME RAKHNA HI PARHE GA NA........////
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Old 01-10-2010, 08:13 AM
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JI AKHIR HALAKU KHAN KA POTA HOON TO NAAM TO SATH ME RAKHNA HI PARHE GA NA........////
you wana say that, ke ap 14th century kay banday ho? aur abhi tak zinda ho.. kia baat hay apki
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Old 01-10-2010, 08:31 AM
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you wana say that, ke ap 14th century kay banday ho? Aur abhi tak zinda ho.. Kia baat hay apki
nahi ye nahi keh raha mere kehne ka matlab ye tha ke ham unhi ki all olad hain ..............///////
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Old 01-10-2010, 08:40 AM
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nahi ye nahi keh raha mere kehne ka matlab ye tha ke ham unhi ki all olad hain ..............///////
nahi nahi aisa nahi tha,, ap ke dada abbu thay wo.. grand father.. aur aap us zamanay ke insan hain...
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Old 01-10-2010, 09:23 PM
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gunjial ap mein kn kn si khubiyan hain halako khan wali......
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Old 01-10-2010, 11:41 PM
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gunjial ap mein kn kn si khubiyan hain halako khan wali......
ji usman bhai mujh me kia hamari pori family ko ek khobi hi warasat me mily hai un ki ke ham sab ziddi bahot hain.................//////////
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Old 01-10-2010, 11:50 PM
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ji usman bhai mujh me kia hamari pori family ko ek khobi hi warasat me mily hai un ki ke ham sab ziddi bahot hain.................//////////
aur sab kay sab ganjay bhi hain,

naam say zahir hay...
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Old 01-10-2010, 11:59 PM
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aur sab kay sab ganjay bhi hain,

naam say zahir hay...
ji ji aap ne theek kaha jab hamare 7atven perhi pe dada ka name gunjja khan tha to sab ko gunjial hi kahen ge na..................////////////////////
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